The COVID-19 pandemic has led to tremendous loss of life, never seen since World War 2. An unprecedented challenge to public health, food systems, and the workforce at large has brought the world to its knees. The world was unprepared for such a disaster with the rapid increase in Corona positive cases from when it was first reported on 31st December 2019. Learn all about the Corona Virus in this blog.
Corona is a highly contagious disease that can spread from an infected person’s mouth or nose in liquid droplets when they cough, sneeze or speak loudly. Some people are affected when the virus gets into their mouth, nose, or eyes when in direct contact with the infected person.
Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses that are common across the world. But the deadly nature of COVID-19 has intrigued doctors and paramedics alike. This master of deception can be running rampant on our lungs and airways, but our immune system will think everything is fine.
Our body’s cells start releasing chemicals called interferons as an immune response to a virus attack. Coronaviruses are brilliant and have an amazing capability of switching off this chemical response. The amount of virus in our body begins to peak the day before falling sick. Corona does not care if you die, as it is just a hit-and-run virus.
The best way to protect oneself from deadly pestilence is by maintaining social distance, using personal protective equipment like facemasks and hand gloves, and by taking adequate safety measures like self-isolation when infected and self quarantining when coming in contact with an infected person.
Frequently Asked Questions about the Corona Virus
Here are a few frequently answered questions (FAQ’s) about the Corona Virus. Our customers at Deepam Cabs might find it helpful to protect themselves and their families from the deadly pestilence.
1. What is the Corona Virus?
COVID-19 is a highly infectious disease caused by a newly discovered strain from the family of coronaviruses. The Coronavirus shows common symptoms starting with mild to moderate respiratory illness like a common cold, cough, and fever. Its common belief that the virus jumped the species barrier from bats to humans from an intermediate animal host.
Older people above the age of 60 and those with underlying medical conditions can develop serious health complications if infected with the virus. Patients having cardiovascular disease, diabetes, chronic respiratory disease, kidney disease, and cancer are more likely to develop serious complications.
2. How does the Corona Virus Spread?
The virus can spread from an infected person’s mouth or nose in small liquid particles when they cough, sneeze, speak, sing or breathe heavily. These liquid particles are of different sizes, ranging from larger ‘respiratory droplets’ to smaller aerosols.
The virus spreads primarily by respiratory droplets among people who come in close contact with each other. These aerosol-based transmissions can happen anywhere from indoors, in crowded and inadequately ventilated spaces. It spreads rapidly in places like restaurants, fitness gyms, nightclubs, offices, and places of worship. The virus also spread after the infected person sneezes, coughs, or touches surfaces or objects such as tables, doorknobs, and utensils.
3. Common Symptoms of the Corona Virus?
It is wise to take up the COVID-19 test if one experiences common symptoms like fever, cough, and shortness of breath for 3-5 days. The other symptoms may include chills, muscle pain, headache, sore throat, fatigue, congestion, runny nose, nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, or new loss of taste or smell.
It is prudent to get a COVID-19 test done if one comes in contact with someone who has recently tested positive. In particular, if you exhibit the symptoms highlighted earlier.
It is advisable to seek immediate medical help that would include hospitalization if conditions like loss of appetite, confusion, irritability, depression, anxiety, and sleep disorders occur. Some of the more severe repercussions include complications like strokes, brain inflammations, and nerve damage.
4. What are the safety precautions that need to be taken?
The coronavirus spreads with human-to-human transmission through droplets or when coming in physical contact with the affected person. Commonly accepted steps to precautions to be taken to spread the disease are.
- Avoid close contact with people suffering from acute respiratory infections.
- Frequently hand-washing, especially after coming in direct contact with ill people or their environment.
- Avoid unprotected contact with farm or wild animals.
- People with symptoms of acute respiratory infection should practice cough etiquette that includes maintaining adequate social distancing, covering cough sneezes with disposable tissue or clothing, and regularly washing hands.
- Hospitals and health care facilities can be a haven for the virus to spread. Following enhanced standard infection prevention practices is needed.
5. Who is most vulnerable to the Corona Virus?
COVID-19 is particularly severe in people over 60 years old or who have preexisting health conditions like heart and lung disease. Patients with diabetes, asthma, high blood pressure, cancer, chronic pulmonary disease, liver disease, HIV, dementia, and chronic kidney disease are particularly vulnerable. People who are obese or are pregnant need to take special care during these difficult times. Co-morbidities are high when people with severe health conditions are affected by the Coronavirus.
People with medical conditions need to work with their doctors to manage their condition better by taking preventive measures for COVID-19. Steps such as vaccination, wearing a mask, social distancing, and practising hand hygiene is necessary.
6. How to protect the most vulnerable from the Corona Virus?
The generally accept recommendations for the most vulnerable are.
- Continue taking medicines: Do not change your treatment plan without taking your healthcare provider in confidence.
- Follow your current treatment plan: Treatments for the Asthma Action Plan, a dialysis schedule, blood sugar testing, nutrition, and exercise recommendations have to continue to keep the medical condition under control.
- Having sufficient supplies of prescription & non-prescription medicines: It is prudent to speak to your doctor, insurer, and pharmacists to have an extra supply of prescribed medication for 30 days to be ready for any emergency.
- Follow the diet plan recommended: Have only shelf-stable food choices to accommodate the dietary needs based on your preexisting medical condition. Following a kidney diet, a diabetic diet as prescribed by your doctor.
- Know the triggers for your condition and avoid when possible: Take precautions so that your health condition does not deteriorate like a sudden asthma trigger, fluctuations in sugar, and increased hypertension.
- Learn to cope with stress: Fear and anxiety can be overwhelming and cause strong emotions. It is prudent to learn how to cope with the stress and strain to be safe.
- Preventive care helps: It’s advisable to have routine appointments with your doctor to help monitor preexisting conditions and to take up vaccination if needed.
7. What to do if you come in contact with an infected person?
Quarantine is what you do if you were in contact with a COVID-19 patient recently. Quarantine means you stay home and away from others for a recommended time. A quarantine becomes isolation when you later test positive for COVID-19. Current quarantine recommendations are to stay alone for 14 days after your last contact with any person.
8. What should you do when you contract the Corona Virus?
It is everyone’s social responsibility to prevent the spread of the virus if one is infected or tested positive for the coronavirus. The first step is to isolate oneself so that the infection does not spread to other family members or friends.
Isolation is what you do if you have COVID-19 symptoms and are awaiting the covid test results or have tested positive. Isolation means you stay home and away from others for the recommended number of days to avoid the spread of the disease.
Here are some tips to fight the dreaded disease from home.
- Drink plenty of fluids, water especially if you have a fever.
- Take the prescribed medicine diligently to help your body’s immune response take effect.
- For cough’s, lie on one side or sit up but never lie on your back
- Gargle with salt water if you have throat irritability and find it difficult to speak.
- Use comfort care products like cough suppressants, cough drops as prescribed by the doctor.
- Have your friend pick up the prescribed medicine while you stay at home.
- Take slow breaths if you face difficulty breathing in through your nose and slowly release through pursed lips (like if you were blowing out a candle)
Most patients recover within seven days when the corona symptoms subside, but when conditions do not improve or worsen. It is advisable to seek immediate medical help.
9. What are the approved medications for the Corona Virus?
Remdesivir is currently the approved medication to treat coronavirus disease. The approval is based on findings that hospitalized patients who got Remdesivir recovered faster. It is an antiviral drug given by intravenous infusion in the hospital.
Convalescent plasma therapy uses blood from people who’ve recovered from an illness to help others recover faster.
Blood donated by people who’ve recovered from COVID-19 has antibodies to the virus that causes it. The donated blood is processed to remove blood cells, leaving behind liquid plasma and antibodies. These can be given to people with COVID-19 to boost their ability to fight the virus.
10. How long do the Corona symptoms last?
Most people with coronavirus have a mild or moderate disease and usually have a full recovery within 2-4 weeks. However, a significant proportion of patients who recover suffer from debilitating long-term symptoms like fatigue, palpitations, low mood, anxiety, and ongoing shortness of breath. The image below highlights how the disease progresses from being a common cold to become a life-threatening condition. The best way to fight corona is not to contract the disease in the first case.
11. How to stay motivated when infected with the Corona Virus?
Dealing with the coronavirus infection can be difficult and scary. With the unpredictable nature of the virus, it is wise to stay positive throughout to fight the deadly pestilence. Here are some mental health and wellness tips to help transition from being infected to complete recovery.
- Set short term goals: Setting short-term goals like time to learn a new skill, a foreign language or setting up a kitchen garden. It will help divert your mind from the worry of the infection and its symptoms.
- Limit exposure to the News & Social Media: Limiting one’s exposure to current affairs like watching the news or checking for updates on Corona harms one’s psyche. It is better to avoid listening to bad news in difficult times.
- Maintain Routines: Never giving up on the daily routines like mopping the floor, cleaning one’s home helps distract the mind about the virus. A mindfulness practice or a simple yoga routine help keep spirits high.
- Connect with family and friends: Family and friends can be a pillar of strength in times of distress. Dear ones will help cheer up a desperate situation to that of hope and a promise that everything will be fine. Watching comedy movies on OTT channels like Netflix, Amazon also helps.
- Express Gratitude & Practice Acts of Kindness: It’s a good idea to send messages to friends & family by expressing gratitude for all the good things they have done. Donating for a noble cause as an act of kindness can be fulfilling for the soul.
- Stay Physically Active: An infected person may feel lonely, isolated, stressed, and anxious. Staying physically active by doing yoga, mild aerobics, and helping out with the daily chores like cleaning helps the infected person be physically active while boosting one’s fitness levels.
- Eat Nutritious Food: Consuming fresh and nutritious food is crucial for a quick recovery. Quality food is needed when the immune system is fighting back against the virus. Avoid consuming processed food that is high in fats, sugar, and salt. Fruits and vegetables of 400 grams in 5 portions during the day is recommended.
- Eat Fruits & Vegetables: Citrus fruits like oranges, bananas, and apples is advisable. Root vegetables like carrots, cabbage, broccoli, and cauliflower are relatively non-perishable. Food with ginger, garlic, and onions can add zest to your taste buds battered by the virus.
- Seeking additional support if needed: There are plenty of helplines available online and over the phone to clarify doubts and provide assistance. It is always wise to seek immediate help if symptoms worsen or do not improve over time.
12. What are the vaccines available for the people of India? How is it to be administered?
Covishield, AstraZeneca’s vaccine manufactured by the Serum Institute of India, and Covaxin manufactured by Bharat Biotech Limited have been granted emergency use authorization in India. These vaccines are available from Government and Private health facilities notified as Covid Vaccinations Centres (CVCs) by the Central Drugs Standard Control Organization.
Both the Indian COVID-19 vaccines have completed their Phase I & II trials. Covishield has completed its Phase III trials in the UK and the bridging trial in India. Citizens will have to take the vaccine in two doses at an interval of 28 days. This is, however, subject to the approval of a certified physician if citizens have preexisting health conditions as discussed earlier.
Citizens can log in to the cowin.gov.in website to register online to get themselves administered with the COVID vaccine.
Safety & Precautions during the Corona pandemic
The Indian lockdown in response to the Coronavirus in March 2020 had a detrimental effect on the country’s economy and put immense pressure on the poor and migrant labourers. A nationwide lockdown during the second wave of the Coronavirus is highly improbable since people grappled with food shortages and loss of jobs due to the unexpected shutting down of the economy last time.
What are the preventive measures taken by companies at the workplace?
Companies have become more adept at handling a pandemic situation now than they were a year ago. Safe work practices adopted by companies include
- Providing resources and a work environment that promotes personal hygiene.
- Providing tissues, no-touch trash cans, hand soap, alcohol-based hand rubs, disinfectants, and disposable towels for workers to clean their work surfaces.
- Promoting personal hygiene like regular washing of hands and using an alcohol-based sanitiser.
- Employees should always wash their hands when they are visibly soiled and after removing any personal protective equipment.
Safety Measures taken by Deepam Cabs
Deepam Cabs is committed to the safety and wellbeing of its customers; we have ensured that we follow the accepted norms for safe travel by taking adequate precautions and training our drivers and staff to ensure customer safety. Here are some safety precautions followed by Deepam Cabs.
- Our Taxi drivers make sure to sanitize common surface areas like the handle, seating, armrest after every drive.
- Our personnel are instructed to follow prescribed safety norms like maintaining adequate social distancing and ensuring personal sanitization with hand sanitisers and disinfectants.
- Customers are encouraged to make cashless transactions to avoid unnecessary physical contact.
- Customers should avoid using the air conditioner when in the taxi to avoid air circulation since the virus is an air-borne disease.
Fighting India’s Second Corona Wave
During the last few weeks in April 2021, the sudden spike in Corona cases has brought the nation’s healthcare system to its knees. India’s social media is filled with SOS messages, from hospitals tweeting about dwindling oxygen supplies, physicians working round the clock but still helpless. They are unable to stop people from dying with a lack of medicines, medical and oxygen supplies.
Crematoriums are working round-the-clock to keep up with the pace of dead bodies waiting for cremation. Furnaces have melted down from overuse and temporary platforms are being built to give the dead a decent burial.
The total collapse of India’s medical systems is heartbreaking and haunting. India is recording an average of over 300,000 new cases every day for the past two weeks, and the sudden spike in cases is frightening.
India’s Corona Vaccination Drive
India’s vaccination drive has failed to contain the deadly coronavirus. The pace of vaccination had to be fast to protect India’s 130 crore population.
The Government of India has now announced that vaccinations will be available for all above 18 years from May 01st, 2021. All adults will be able to get COVID shots. Besides, the state governments can buy doses directly from vaccine makers.
Corona Vaccination & Treatment Centres in Bangalore.
Here is the Government of Karnataka’s Corona designated hospitals that can help patients 24/7.
Lady Curzon Road, Shivajinagar, Bengaluru – 560001
080 2559 1325
202, Kambipura, Mysore Road, Bengaluru – 560074
080 2843 7444
BMCRI Fort Road, New Taragupet, Bengaluru – 560002
080 2670 1150
Cambridge Road, Jogupalya, Bengaluru – 560007
080 2530 1215
Suranjandas Road, Post, Vimanapura, Bengaluru – 560017
080 2232 3005
Three-Step Covid Protection: Social Distancing, Self Quarantine & Self Isolation.
Social distancing is a response in which people remain home and distant from others (such as refraining from shaking hands or hugging or going to the store at off hours), without any known exposure to the virus, to limit possible transmission to or from others.
Self-quarantine is staying in a place, either at home or elsewhere, for fourteen days because you have been exposed to someone who has tested positive for COVID-19. Self-isolation would be staying isolated within the house after you start showing symptoms of COVID-19.
Citizens can protect themselves and their loved ones by following the prescribed COVID safety protocols like using facemasks, gloves, regularly washing hands, and with the use of hand sanitisers.
The three steps are most important, these include maintaining social distance when interacting, self-quarantine when coming in contact with an infected person. Self-isolation is what you do when infected so that the virus does not spread to others. Everyone must voluntarily inoculate themselves once the corona vaccine vials are available for all citizens above 18 years from 1st May 2021.